Causes of elevator malfunctions Archives - SMOU
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Causes of elevator malfunctions

Causes of elevator malfunctions and how to deal with them

Causes of elevator malfunctions, as recently there have been large and many problems in those elevators, and this is due to poor maintenance work and irregularity well or due to passengers jostling in the elevator in addition to the consequences of overloading and other problems.

There are also many technical problems, and the increase in movement also in buildings
and urbanization, which led to a significant increase in the demand for those elevators,
which are being installed in all modern ways.

 This is in addition to working to solve all the problems that are in these elevators, and many subscriptions for this maintenance were made on a monthly basis, and that was for many elevators of all shapes and sizes as well as their types, and we must also work to know the most prominent and important problems

Causes of elevator malfunctions

Causes of elevator malfunctions

The elevator is a room, and that room is attached to many ropes that are powered by motors to work on raising it and then lowering it also in the channel or corridor that has been allocated to it,
and then it is the one that is in all parts of the sides.

And then the walls are also dark or transparent, which may be glass, and it is possible to see the outside through them as well, and in many huge and famous buildings also these elevators carry many alarms and centers.

Also, which is considered for remote control and all small computers, and it is through which all its movements and what is in it are recorded, as there are in many of them phones that help in the process of communication between those inside the elevator and all control centers.

It is the one that works on monitoring the elevators and then working to ensure their quality and then the absence of any problems or malfunctions, and after that care is taken for their presence
and then their availability and not being late in all important buildings in addition to all vital places.

Reasons for stopping and breaking down the elevator

There are many reasons for elevator malfunctions and then it stopped,
and they include the following:

  • Fuse combustion.
  • In addition to the power supply and then frequent interruptions.
  • The presence of a salon for the door is improper.
  • Playing with all the elevator buttons during the process of its preparation to stand for the process of moving the elevator from the speed that is slow to the fast speed directly and suddenly,
    and this is what causes the overload separation.
  • In addition to that, there is the plastic cladding that rolls around the cab or breaks it,
    and this is what causes the cab to be unbalanced.
  • In addition to the presence of a lot of dust that is accumulated on the control, and this is because the machine room is not closed well, especially in the event of this bad weather.

The most common signs that cause elevator malfunctions

Causes of elevator malfunctions

Causes of elevator malfunctions

Where there are many signs that cause the causes of elevator malfunctions, including the following:

 Worn beams problem

And it is possible that the friction of the ropes with each other while carrying the elevator leads to the erosion of these beams, which means that this appears a circle of destruction, because it may lead and cause damage to the vital spare parts of the elevator.

Power failure issue

Which may lead to a large consumption of elevators to a negative impact on the electric current
and those of the causes of elevator malfunctions.

How to deal with stuck elevator

Where there are many, many methods related to the elevator suspension process or related
to the causes of elevator malfunctions, and among those methods are the following:

  •  Since that cabin must be stopped, and then this is by making this ceiling in the cabin equal to the ground, and then the tiles in the floor, and then the emergency key is used in the process of opening the outer door.
  • In addition, the roof of the cabin is stopped, and then work is done to open the emergency hatch to the top, and then start the process of removing all detainees through this hatch to the outside.
  • In addition to the case of increasing the speed or cutting one of the ropes, this device, which is the parachute in this elevator, will work very automatically.
  • And then he works to stop this ascender in its place completely, and in this case it will be difficult to move the elevator by many of the previous means to the bottom, and work must be done to move it to the top until work is done to stop it on the floor also, the causes of elevator malfunctions.

The most prominent and important causes of elevator malfunctions

Where there are many, many elevator malfunctions, in addition to the elevator failure code,
the causes of elevator malfunctions, and among these malfunctions are the following:

Working on bundles of expendable ropes

As you place those sheaves on those ropes, this in turn causes an increase in the level of corrosion on the elevator shaft, and then this creates a cycle of destruction of the two main components,
where the sheaves can be re-bundled or replaced to prevent the failure of the hoist rope premature.

All power supply process problems

Where these elevators require a large number of energy from all the systems of the facilities of those commercial buildings, so these updates can be affected on the system along with all the operations of the motors or even damage to the elevator system, and those elevators that have any history of malfunctions must also be subject to driver or operating issues to perform a power quality scan.

The most prominent signs that need maintenance intervention

Where there are many, many signs that are among the causes of elevator malfunctions
that require maintenance intervention, and among those signs are the following:

Crashes occur frequently

Whereas, if your elevator has been missing for more than 15 years,
it is subject to the occurrence of these malfunctions continuously,
and among the most famous of these malfunctions is the problem related to closing the door,
in addition to the long waiting times for passengers.

Stop in the middle of settlement

As in this problem, the elevator stops at a distance higher than the floor of the floor
or can be below it, and of course this will be considered one of the most serious elevator malfunctions,
as it is possible for passengers to stumble when they are not careful,
and in that case you may need immediate maintenance intervention.

Read more: Common elevator problems and how to deal with them

Speed ​​changes

Causes of elevator malfunctions

Elevators are exposed daily to transfer different weights up and down, so it is likely that a sudden change in speed will occur, for example, to notice a slow speed or an increase in speed, so you must notice whether the speed of the elevator changes before it reaches the ground or does it not change,
and then I get the examination For maintenance to fix this defect causes of elevator malfunctions.

At the end of the article, we talked about the causes of elevator malfunctions,
as well as the most prominent signs of a necessary maintenance intervention.

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Steel wire ropes

Steel wire ropes for all types of elevators

Steel wire ropes for all types of elevators, no elevator works without steel wires that are used in the process of lifting and descending, as steel wires are among the basic tools found in any elevator.

Therefore, you must choose the types of wires that suit your elevator in terms of load bearing
and pressure on the elevator, in addition to the continuous maintenance
that must be maintained continuously in order to avoid major failures in the steel wires.

Elevators are among the basic means that are used in all high-rise buildings, in order to facilitate the process of transporting residents from the bottom of the property to their homes with ease.

Steel wire ropes for all types of elevators

Steel wire ropes

It is important to know the steel wire ropes for all types of elevators,
to choose the appropriate steel rope for your elevator, and this is what we will learn about.

Various steel wire ropes

Specialized steel wire ropes are used in elevators to carry the elevator during the ascent and descent. Among the types of steel wires for elevators are:

6x19S (9-9-1

This rope is considered one of the best steel wire ropes for all types of elevators,
and it is the most used for elevator ropes, because its outer wires are thick,
and they are resistant to external corrosion that occurs over traction beams and deviant points.

6 x 19W (6 plus 6-6-1)

This type is much thinner in the outer wire than the Seale strand, resulting in lower flexural stresses. Tested on rounded grooves, Warrington ropes give 20 to 40% longer life than Seale ropes,
where they are used The first in twin-sleep motor lifts, as well as for use in hydraulic tension lifts.


This type of rope is made from filler yarns, as it provides many good properties, on top of which are good bending properties, so the ropes for elevators with a diameter of more than 16 mm must be designed using the filler method due to its flexibility. Suitable for ropes consisting of 6 ropes, so this type is considered one of the most important types of steel wire ropes for all types of elevators.

Causes of elevator malfunctions

It is important when talking about the types of steel wire ropes for all types of elevators
that we know the reasons that lead to the disruption of elevators,
and among these reasons are the following:

Damaged or frayed rope bundles

Steel wire ropes

Worn bundles of ropes are among the most important reasons that cause elevator malfunctions,
as with continued use of the elevator it leads to erosion of the edges of the side ropes, which leads to a lack of efficiency in performing the ups and downs process, and this is the result of the lack of continuous periodic maintenance that must be followed by those responsible for the elevator .

Therefore, it is important to do a good follow-up of the condition of the elevator ropes,
and to continue doing regular maintenance for it in order to avoid malfunctions, and spending a lot of money on repairing them, and you must also know the steel wire ropes for all types of elevators,
in order to choose the best suitable types for your elevator.

power supply sources

Elevators need a large amount of energy, as energy is the main factor in operating the elevator,
so the elevator must be supplied with a sufficient amount of energy to make it operate normally
and continuously, and the process of identifying the energy problem was completed through thermal imaging using infrared rays in order to identify the quality Energy,

in addition to identifying the weaknesses in it, because of this, a thermal scan must be carried out continuously to determine the quality of the energy that supplies the elevator and work to repair any weak point in it firsthand, in order to avoid major energy failures that require large expenditures to repair them.

Poor process lubrication and oil

One of the important things that should not be overlooked is the regular analysis of the oils that are used in the process of lubricating the elevators in order to notice whether there is contamination or wear in the engine or not, as there are some mineral deposits resulting from the wear process.

This analysis is done by analyzing the oil in the elevator gearbox, and corrosion of the elevator crown can be identified through the presence of an unusual or high percentage of bronze in the oil, in addition to identifying the corrosion of the pump cover in the hydraulic elevator, by observing High percentage of aluminium.

Engine alignment

The escalator works in conjunction with other pieces of equipment, so care must be taken to align the shaft to avoid wear on the motor bearing, which in turn causes serious failures on the escalator. You can identify problems with alignment by using advanced laser equipment, or you can Avoid this process by purchasing machines and equipment that need to be aligned.

Other reasons lead to elevator breakdowns

There are some other reasons to be aware of when talking about steel wire ropes for all types of elevators, as these reasons include the following:

  • Burning or damage to any of the elevator fuses, as the elevator operates on fuses that you operate,
    and if any malfunction occurs in any of them, it causes the elevator to stop working.
  • Power outages in the elevator cause the elevator to stop working.
  • When the elevator door is damaged or improper, it is considered one of the reasons
    that lead to the elevator’s breakdown.
  • Continuous pressure on the buttons on the elevator while it is moving, this leads to overload separation as a result of the sudden change in speed due to repeated pressing of the buttons.
  • Damage to the plastic trim of the cab, this damage causes the cab to become unbalanced.
  • Continuous accumulation of dust on the elevator control unit, and this happens as a result of the lack of good sealing of the elevator control room.

Read more: Elevator machine, drive system 

How to deal with elevator malfunctions

Steel wire ropes

After getting acquainted with the steel wire ropes for all types of elevators, and knowing all the reasons that cause elevator failures, it is important to know how to deal with elevator malfunctions,
as there are some instructions that you must follow in order to avoid risks related to elevator malfunctions, including:

  • Elevators should not be used in emergency situations or when a fire occurs in the place,
    in order to avoid your elevator malfunctioning,
    causing you some health damage such as suffocation.
  • Children under 14 years old should not use the elevator without an accompanying person,
    to avoid any danger to them if the elevator breaks down while they are inside it.
  • Before riding the elevator, it is important to see its instruction board,
    to know the number of people allowed at one time,
    in order to avoid overloading the elevator,
    which causes the elevator to malfunction.

In this article, steel wire ropes for all types of elevators are explained,
in addition to identifying the causes that lead to elevator failures, with the necessary instructions for how to deal with any malfunction that may occur in the elevator, so you must follow these instructions to preserve your safety and the safety of others, and it is important to follow Elevator regular maintenance operations in order to avoid major breakdowns.

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