elevator components Archives - SMOU
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The Most Important 7 Main Key Elevator Components

Elevators are one of the things that we use most daily, whether at home or work, so you must be aware of the main Key Elevator Components, whether you are a real estate owner, for example,
or a user of the elevator daily, because elevators work every day a lot of work that Makes.

Among those elevators are highly susceptible to many breakdowns, which you must repair as soon as possible because these machines work to provide the greatest amount of comfort for their users,
and of course, there are many types of elevators
that each have their advantages and disadvantages and the different components are relative.

Major elevator components

Elevator Components

Elevator Components

Although there are many types of elevators, which may differ in the way they operate or in their forms, and the method of maintenance may also differ in each one of them, they share the main Key Elevator Components, of which any elevator is composed, of course, and the elevator cannot lose part of it. Otherwise, he will not be able to work.

Therefore, you must be sufficiently familiar with these components, the method of their maintenance,
and their installation, as many main parts make up the elevator,
and the most important of these parts are the following:

Lifting machine

Elevator Components

Elevator Components

There are many main Key Elevator Components, and the elevator cannot function without one part of it, and the most important of these parts is the lifting machine, which is considered one of the most important parts in the elevator and it helps the process of ascending and descending with ease and simplicity, which provides a lot of things.

As it provides a lot of safety means, so that the elevator can go up and down without any problems,
and it is good in this machine that it works to prevent the elevator’s vibration as well, and the size or strength of that machine varies according to several reasons, the most important of which is the type of elevator and the number of floors.


The cabin is one of the main Key Elevator Components, and there can be no elevator without that piece,
as it is the box, or the room that carries passengers or goods, and transports them from one floor
to another. Of course, users cannot stand in the elevator and be carried by the air.

Rather, of course, you need to have an elevator cabin so that you can ride in it,
and go up or down the floor you want, and of course, there is more than one type of cabin and the type or size that comes with it varies, based on the size of the elevator in which this cabin will be installed.

Where you can see a small cabin as it fits the elevator that you will work with,
in addition to that you can notice that elevators in hospitals are large, and you may find that the cabin that carries people contains many designs that provide the greatest amount of comfort for users.


As we mentioned, there are many main Key Elevator Components, one of which cannot be dispensed with because we are not talking about luxuries that can be dispensed with. Rather, they are essentials such as the organs of the body, for example, where the body cannot function without an organ naturally, as you find many problems with it.

Among the most important of those parts without which there can be no elevator are the rails,
and the rails are the part responsible for keeping the elevator in its path without any vibration or derailment, just like the rail of a train that works to determine the path of the train without deviating from it.

These keep the elevator in its path, whether during ascent or descent.

Elevator doors

The doors are one of the most important Key Elevator Components, which gives a lot of safety to the passengers, and these parts are located on each floor, as you can only open them when the elevator is stopped on the floor you are on, otherwise, many accidents may occur because of these doors.

Earlier, there were a lot of accidents that occurred due to the idea that there were no means of protection in those doors, and one of the most important means of safety is that you have a locking device in the elevator that works to close the door if there is no elevator on the floor on which you stand.

And the good thing about it is that all elevators at present contain this device,
but that some elevators you can find internal doors as well, which work to provide the greatest possible protection, especially for internal passengers, from exposure to friction with the wall.

electronic scoreboard

As we mentioned, there are many main Key Elevator Components, of which the elevator cannot work without one of them, of course, but those parts each have importance, as the degree of importance of each part varies according to the function that it performs, and among the most important of these parts are:

The electronic panel, as that panel is like the mastermind that moves every part of the elevator,
as the elevator contains many parts that are all directly connected to the control room or more accurately the control panel, as that panel works.

Receiving all the commands that the user gives to the elevator, such as his request or attempt to ascend, or descend, that panel takes all those commands and translates them, and transfers them to the elevator to implement the request that he was asked of, as he is responsible for the order to stop and move,
and other things.

speed regulator

One of the most important components of the main elevator is the speed regulator,
as each elevator, regardless of the type or size of this elevator, has 3 basic speeds,
which are the fast speed at which the elevator operates when it moves between floors,
and the medium speed, which is the speed at which the elevator moves when it tries to stop.

As for the slow speed, it is the speed at which the elevator moves when it is about to stop completely, and it is distinguished in this part of the elevator that it works from the machine room to regulate the work or speed of the elevator, whether during ascent or descent, and one of the most important functions that this performs is The elevator is that it works to stop the elevator in case it exceeds the normal speed.

Read more: The most important components of the elevator parts names list

lower struts

Elevator Components

Elevator Components

There are many types of elevators, and each type requires the availability of many security systems Lots of people suffer a lot of damage that happens due to the process of falling sometimes.

Namely, the lower support, that support is located at the bottom of the hole in the elevator,
and it is responsible for protecting the passengers in the event of the elevator falling from the floor.
It is good in these supports are specially designed to bear the weight of this elevator
in addition to the maximum weight of this elevator, and of course,
they are designed in a very strong way Works to absorb the largest shocks.

If you have an elevator, you must have sufficient knowledge and knowledge of all the main elevator components that the elevator cannot work without, as many components make up the elevator.

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Basic elevator components

Let’ know about Basic elevator components

What are Basic elevator components? For as long as we can remember, elevators have operated on the same fundamental principle. Although the elevator’s basic design hasn’t changed much over the years, several minor modifications have been made to improve the ride.

Elevators now operate more efficiently and provide a considerably faster way of transportation thanks to computer-controlled technology. 

The components in this elevator become one unit and cannot be separated because they all have their functions and make the elevator work properly

Let’s talk more about Basic elevator components:

Basic elevator components

The various Basic elevator components consist of:

  • Elevator shaft 
  • The unit for sheave and motor control
  • The drive of the counterweight machine
  • guiding rails for counterweights
  • Fixing bracket for a guide rail
  • Counterweight frame Car guide rail
  • Balanced counterweight
  • Control cabinet for the overspeed governor
  • Apron
  • stepping doors
  • pressure pulley
  • Stupid car

Now we will talk in detail about the most important Basic elevator components:

Basic elevator components

Basic elevator components

Elevator shaft 

The elevator shaft is one of the Basic elevator components. The elevator was built to carry people and various objects to different levels of a building while being enclosed within the elevator shaft. Elevators exist in a variety of sizes, are all built with at least one door, and operate by being pulled up and then let back down by a motor or hydraulic system.

The most popular and most economical in the construction of buildings are the motorized elevators. Additionally, the elevator is directed by guide tracks in the shafts as it is dragged up and down, which helps to balance any counterweight. When combined, these two factors reduce stress.

The unit for sheave and motor control

The biggest Basic elevator components in Motorized elevators are those that are raised and lowered by steel ropes that are attached to an elevator vehicle, a counterweight, and both. The counter’s purpose is to encourage weight to fill the elevator car to 40% of its maximum capacity while also easing any strain on the motor. The pulley is known as a sheave; it has grooves in it and enables the lifting, raising, and lowering of the rope.

The sheave (pulley) is kept moving in the right direction by the engine.

The drive of the counterweight machine

The control room, which is typically placed at the top of the elevator shaft, is where the control unit, motor, and sheave are all serviced. The signals from the controls on each floor are sent here, where they are translated by the system to instruct the motor to move up or down. The control room receives a signal from the elevator when it reaches its destination telling it to either stop and let people on or exit.

Along with precise instructions that have been set into the control unit with the resting sites and signal priorities, software that monitors the travel patterns has been installed on a computer.

Guiding rails for counterweights

The motor is one of the Basic elevator components. The motor is always strained from the frequent lifting and lowering of the elevator, hence a counterweight is utilized to lessen the strain. The counterweight repels the elevator firstly in an upward and subsequently a downward direction while the motor operates. Guide rails were also built into the building to prevent the elevator and the counterweight from swaying, resulting in a smooth journey in both directions.

What are Basic elevator components and elevator systems?

Basic elevator components for safe functioning, modern elevator systems rely on automation. Fast, low-power industrial flash storage is available for elevator control systems, and it can survive the difficult operating conditions seen in elevators. This form of storage enables simple and dependable programming to increase usability and security. When compared to other types of memory, industrial flash storage’s architecture makes it an especially Basic elevator component for elevator control systems. You need to understand the following.

Basics of Elevator Control Systems Understanding

All elevator operations are managed by an elevator control system. It directs the elevator’s movement as well as operating everything from weight sensors to floor selection buttons. Single automatic operation, selective collective operation, and group automatic operation are the three primary categories of elevator control systems. Systems with a single automatic operation are the least prevalent. When given a command, they respond with a single action before waiting for the next one.

Selective collective operation systems are the category that the majority of elevators fall under.

The elevator then turns around to answer calls coming from the opposite direction. The elevator is programmed to return to the main floor when it is not in use.

In structures with numerous elevators and many floors, group automatic operation control systems are employed. These systems operate elevators with the use of programmable microprocessors.

Elevator Control Systems Using Industrial Flash Storage

Basic elevator components

Basic elevator components

Extreme temperatures may be applied to embedded memory in elevator systems. The movement of the elevator itself is also likely to cause significant levels of shock and vibration. Industrial flash storage is the best option as a result.

Single-level cell, or SLC, flash technology, is used in industrial flash storage. As a result, this flash design is the most reliable one on the market because one piece of data is stored in each cell. Additionally made to resist challenging operating circumstances is industrial flash memory. 

Extreme temperatures ranging from -40 degrees C to 85 degrees C, as well as high levels of shock and vibration, are not a problem for it. Since it lowers the possibility of hazardous system failures, rugged embedded storage that can perform in these conditions without any loss of functionality is suitable for elevators.

SLC flash memory has relatively low limits because only one bit of data may be stored in each cell, even though it can offer huge storage capacities. This is often not a problem for elevator control systems because the amount of data that needs to be programmed is very little.

While industrial storage also includes a locked bill of materials and lifecycle management support, all flash memory has a limited lifespan. This reduces downtime and enables elevator operators to get ready for the switch to a new embedded memory card.

Read More: 11 Reasons to Get a home elevator

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