There are many elevators that were invented in order to meet the different needs of people and different buildings, so it is important to know Elevator working conditions, as any elevator consists of a set of basic parts that work together in order to complete its function, which is moving between different floors in high-rise buildings. Or factories or companies.
The elevator is one of the useful and good inventions that are relied upon
in order to move easily between floors of buildings
and with the technological development witnessed by the field of industry in various fields,
a distinguished group of elevators has been reached that has many distinctive technological means,
in addition to various safety means. Which ensures the safety of passengers.
Elevator working conditions
Before learning about the working conditions of the elevator, it is important to know the elevator in general, which is a metal box or metal room that is manufactured from certain materials that are characterized by strength and durability. They are electrical rooms that move vertically from top to bottom, and are usually used to transport passengers and goods between… Different floors in buildings and facilities.
The elevator works by relying on electric motors to move the cables
and pulleys that carry the cab or metal box from one floor to another.
The elevator also consists of a group of basic parts that we will learn about during this article.
Components of electric elevators
The electric elevator consists of a group of basic parts that work together as a single unit
that helps in the process of ascending and descending correctly,
in addition to providing various safety means
and preventing the occurrence of vibrations or any malfunction inside the elevator,
so it is important to know these components, which include the following:
The lifting machine is considered one of the basic parts on which the electric elevator depends to operate. The main function of this machine at the top is to raise the elevator when the command is received from the electronic panel. The size and speed of this machine varies according to the number of floors of the building, in addition to the size and type of the elevator.
It is the room responsible for carrying passengers or goods, in addition to medical tools.
The inside of the cabin contains a group of buttons through which roles are selected. The cabin is considered one of the most important basic components of elevators
as each elevator is distinguished by the type, size, and shape of the cabin. Existing elevators In restaurants, the cabin is characterized by its small size, while the elevators in hospitals are characterized by its large size. Passenger cabins differ in shape and design in order to provide comfort for all passengers.
Rails are the component responsible for keeping the elevator on its path. Rails provide the basic path for the elevator and maintain its balance, in addition to preventing it from shaking while ascending or descending. Therefore, it is considered one of the basic components of electric elevators.
Elevator doors are the doors located on each floor of the building, and these doors can only be opened after the elevator stops in the correct place directly in front of the door. Some elevators contain internal doors in the cabin in order to give more safety to passengers.
The electronic panel is one of the most important basic parts that make up the electric elevator, as it is considered the mastermind of the elevator through which the pressing of the buttons inside the cabin can be translated. It is also considered responsible for issuing the order to stop or move the elevator.
Speed regulator device
It is important to provide the basic parts of the elevator in order to obtain good working conditions for the elevator, and one of these components is the speed regulator device, as this device is located inside the machine room, and through it the speed of the elevator is monitored during the process of ascending or descending, and this device operates the automatic brakes if The elevator speed is higher than normal.
One of the safety devices located at the end of the elevator shaft inside the elevator pit, as it is responsible for protecting passengers in the event that the elevator falls. These supports are designed based on the size and weight of the elevator, in addition to the maximum expected load.
In order to provide appropriate elevator working conditions, it is important to use ropes that have high durability and strength, as ropes are considered one of the basic components that connect the passenger cabin and the lifting machine, and ropes mainly help in the process of ascending and descending the elevator.
The counterweight is the part that moves in the opposite direction with the elevator cabin.
If you are on the first floor and press the elevator button, you will see the weight going up and the cabin going down and vice versa, so it is considered one of the basic components needed in electric elevators.
After learning about the working conditions of an electric elevator,
it is important to know about the working conditions of hydraulic elevators, as the system for these elevators works to raise the elevator car by relying on a hydraulic piston driven by a fluid.
This fluid is placed inside a cylinder and this cylinder is connected to the system for pumping fluids from In order to complete the elevator work properly.
How a hydraulic elevator works
The pump in the elevator pushes the liquid into the cylinder. When the liquid collects in the cylinder,
it pushes the piston to the top, which raises the elevator car. When the car approaches the floor to be reached, the control system sends a signal to the electric motor in order to stop the pump gradually.
In the case of wanting to lower the elevator to the lower floors, the control system sends a signal
that leads to the opening of the valve in order for the liquid in the cylinder to flow into the fluid tank.
The weight of the cart then causes pressure on the piston, pushing the liquid into the tank and the cart moves down, and the control system stops The cart is in the specified place.
Important tips when riding elevators
After learning about the working conditions of the elevator,
it is important to know some tips that must be followed when dealing with the elevator, in order to maintain your safety, and these tips include the following:
- The elevator should not be used in emergency situations and when there is a fire in the building,
in order to avoid entrapment in the elevator.
- It is important to review the instructions on each elevator
in order to know the appropriate weight for it.
- In order to have good elevator working conditions,
it is important not to load excessive weight on the elevator in order to avoid elevator breakdown.
- Children must be accompanied when using the elevator in order to maintain their safety.
- If the elevator malfunctions while you are inside, it is important to remain calm and do not panic.
In this article, we learned about the working conditions of the electric and hydraulic elevator,
in addition to the way each of them works. Elevators work by relying on a group of basic components that work together in order to carry out the process of ascending and descending correctly. You must also know the instructions for riding the elevator. .